Underwater archaeological excavations on one of the shipwrecks were undertaken in 1982-1986, directed by Kalin Porozhanov. Along with the ship’s hull remains, scattered ceramic sherds, complete vessels and vertical wooden piles were discovered that belonged to the dwellings of an Early Bronze Age settlement (4th millennium BC). Rescue archaeological excavation of the inundated prehistoric settlement started in 1986 while the shipwreck was preserved on the seabed.
The archaeological excavations of the shipwreck were resumed in 2000-2003 by a joint expedition of the Centre for Underwater Archaeology in Sozopol and the Institute of Nautical Archaeology in Texas A&M University, led by Kroum Batchvarov. For the first time in Bulgaria archaeologists used a computer software for the geodetic recording of the site. The second excavation campaign resulted in the complete study of the ship’s remains, the reconstruction and final publication of the site.
The Kiten ship is representative for Eastern Mediterranean sailing vessels of the Ottoman Era. According to the characteristics of finds and the building techniques employed in the construction of the hull, it is clear that the vessel was built in a local shipyard located on the Western Black Sea coast and intended for local trade in the Black Sea, Maramara Sea and the Aegean. To date the Kiten shipwreck remains the only Post Medieval sailing ship excavated, reconstructed and published in the entire Black Sea region.
Further publications on the Kiten Bay shipwreck: